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Illness and Death

Mental and Behavioural Disorders

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 Headline Data
 
  • Serious mental illness covers a range of symptoms and experiences which can bring distress and reduce the ability to cope with the demands of everyday life. The prevalence of schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder and other psychoses in NewcastleGateshead CCG was 1.01% or 5,172 people in 2015/16 [Chart - Prevalence of severe mental illness] (previous data for Gateshead only was 0.94% or 1,947 people in 2012/13). [1]
  • Depression and anxiety affect a greater number of people than serious mental illness. Prevalence data is now only available at Newcastle and Gateshead CCG level. A total of 33,784 people in Newcastle and Gateshead had a diagnosis of depression in 2015/16 (previous data shows that there were 11,391 people in Gateshead in 2012/13). This equates to a prevalence of 8.1% and the rate is increasing [Chart - Adults with depression]. The England average is 8.3%. [2]  Whilst not as accurate as actual diagnosis data, GP Patient Survey data estimates that the proportion of the adult population in Newcastle and Gateshead with both depression and anxiety may be 16.7%, which is significantly higher than the estimated England average of 12.7%. [3]Anxiety and Depression
  • The antidepressant prescribing rate in Newcastle and Gateshead CCG area was 1.8 (average daily quantities per STAR-PU) compared with an England average of 1.4 and a North East region average of 1.8. [Chart - Antidepressant prescribing]. (Note: Specific Therapeutic group Age-sex weightings Related Prescribing Units (STAR-PUs) are designed to measure prescribing weighted for age and sex of patients. There are differences in the age and sex of patients for who drugs in specific therapeutic groups are usually prescribed. To make such comparisons STAR-PUs have been developed based on costs of prescribing, items or ADQs within therapeutic groups) [4]
  • Gateshead Counselling Service (Tyneside Mind) had an increase in clients from 539 in 2010/11 to 1179 in 2012/13. [5]
  • Both the rate of emergency psychiatric admissions and the rate of admissions for self-harm are significantly higher in Gateshead than in England overall. [6] There were 582 emergency admissions for self-harm in 2015/16 [Chart - Emergency admissions for self harm]. [7] In 2015/16 there were 189 young people aged 10-24 admitted to hospital for self harm. As a rate per 100,000 (DSR) this was 555.9, significantly higher than the England average of 430.5. Gateshead has consistently been higher than England over recent years [Chart - Hospital admissions for self harm aged 10 - 24]. [8]
  • Overall, average levels of mental wellbeing appear lower in Gateshead when compared to the England average. The proportion of Gateshead people that do not feel things they do in their life are worthwhile (4.2%) is similar to the England average (3.8%) [Chart - Feeling worthwhile]. The proportion who have low satisfaction with life (4.1%) is also similar to the England average (4.6%) [Chart - Satisfaction with life]. The proportion who have low feelings of happiness in Gateshead are 9.6% compared to the England average of 8.8% [Chart - Happiness] and the proportion with a high anxiety score in Gateshead is 21.3% compared to 19.4% in England as a whole [Chart - Anxiety]. [9] A local survey conducted in 2016 (Adult Health and Lifestyle Survey) found that those aged 65+ scored much better than younger people on these indicators, and particularly on the satisfaction with life and happiness indicators. The survey also found that people who smoked scored significantly worse on all indicators with the exception of anxiety. [10]
  • In the 2014/15 ‘What About YOUth’ (WAY) survey, 12.2% of 15 year olds in Gateshead reported that they had a low level of satisfaction with their life. This compares to the England average of 13.7% and is similar to other local authorities in the region and those in Gateshead’s CIPFA nearest neighbour group [Chart – 15 year olds reporting low levels of life satisfaction]. [11]
  • The 2014/15 ‘What About YOUth’ (WAY) survey also reported that around six in ten (58.4%) 15 year olds in Gateshead had been bullied in the previous couple of months, significantly higher than the England average of 55% [Chart – 15 year olds who had been bullied in the past 2 months]. Gateshead’s rate is significantly higher than both Newcastle (50.1%) and North Tyneside (51.6%). [11]
  • Although around 40% of schoolchildren had high self-esteem scores in 2012, this was the case for only 26% of girls aged 14-15 years. [12]
  • Research by the Office for National Statistics in 2004 applied to current population estimates suggests that 9.9% of children aged 5 to 16 in 2015 had some form of mental disorder [Chart - Prevalence of mental health disorders]. The research indicated that the most prevalent condition is emotional disorders, with 3.8% aged 5 to 16 with the condition [Chart - Prevalence of emotional disorders]. [13]
  • There are small numbers of child (aged 0-17) hospital admissions for mental health reasons every year. In 2015/16 the number was 26. This is similar to the national average when compared as a rate per 100,000 [Chart - Child hospital admissions for mental health conditions]. [14]

    [1] NHS Digital, Mental health QOF prevalence, 2015/16 (Severe Mental Illness website)

    [2] NHS Digital, Quality Outcomes Framework Prevalence of Depression, 2015/16  (Common Mental Health Disorders website)

    [3] NHS England, GP Patient Survey, 2015/16 (Common Mental Health Disorders website)

    [4] PHE, Anti-depressant Prescribing, 2015/16 (Common Mental Health Disorders website)

    [5] Report to Gateshead Health and Wellbeing Board: Impact of Austerity and Welfare Reform on Mental Health in Gateshead, 19th July 2013

    [6] North East Commissioning Support (NECS) Provider data, 2013/14

    [7] Emergency admissions for self harm, Hospital Episode Statistics, HSCIC, 2015/16 (Severe Mental Illness Profile website)

    [8] Hospital admissions for self harm aged 10 - 24, Hospital Episode Statistics, HSCIC, 2015/16 (Young People website)

    [9] Annual Population Survey, ONS, 2015/16 (Common Mental Health Disorders website)

    [10] Health and Lifestyle Survey, Gateshead Council, 2016

    [11] What About YOUth? Survey, NHS Digital, 2014/15 (Young People website)

    [12] Gateshead Schools Health Related Behaviour Survey, 2012

    [13] Office for National Statistics, Mental health of children and young people in Great Britain, 2004 estimates applied to 2015 population (Children's and Young People's Mental Health and Wellbeing website)

    [14] Hospital Episodes Statistics - HES, 2015/16 (Overview of Child Health website)