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  • Liver disease is one of the few major causes of premature mortality that is increasing in England (including Gateshead). [1] Major causes include obesity, undiagnosed hepatitis infection and harmful alcohol use.
  • Mortality (in people under 75 years of age) from liver disease is higher in Gateshead than in England overall. Between 2014 and 2016 there were 140 deaths from liver disease among people living in Gateshead, and the trend is increasing [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease]. In recent years, much of the increase is attributable to a sharp rise in deaths of women. For example, in 2004-06 there were just 26 female deaths due to liver disease, rising to 58 in 2014-16, whilst the number of male deaths has decreased in the same period from 95 to 82. [2] 
  • Of the 140 deaths due to liver disease in people aged under 75 between 2014 and 2016, 122 were considered to be preventable. The trend in preventable deaths has been increasing in recent years, which is illustrated by the 27 fewer deaths (95) recorded in 2005-07. As a rate, the 122 deaths equate to 22.9 per 100,000. This is significantly higher than the England average of 16.1, and just above the North East average of 22.3. The year on year rate of increase in preventable deaths due to liver disease in Gateshead is higher than it is across England as a whole, and so overall, the gap continues to widen [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease considered preventable]. As with the overall number of deaths due to liver disease, the number of deaths considered to be preventable is largely driven by an increase in deaths of women. At 19.1 per 100,000, the rate of preventable deaths due to liver disease in women is the eleventh highest in the country and is significantly higher than the England average of 10.9. [2]
  • In common with the North East as a region, hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease in Gateshead are significantly higher than in England overall [Chart - Alcoholic liver disease hospital admissions]. [3]
  • In the Gateshead population in 2013/14, there were over 1000 hospital admissions where the primary diagnosis was liver disease. [4]

    [1] Alcohol Cancer - Statistics on alcohol (alcoholconcern.org.uk website)

    [2] HSCIC, Under 75 mortality from liver disease - all and preventable, 2014-16 (PHOF website)

    [3] HSCIC, Hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease, 2012/13 (PHOF website)

    [4] NECS Provider data, 2014