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Illness and Death

Immunisations and Vaccinations

 Headline Data
  • In 2015/16, 72.6% of people aged 65 years or older had the seasonal influenza vaccine [Chart - Flu vaccination coverage aged 65+]. [2] This is below the Chief Medical Officers’ target of 75% or higher.
  • In 2015/16, 50.3% of people younger than 65 years of age considered to be at risk received the flu vaccine [Chart - Flu vaccination coverage at risk individuals]. [2] This remains well below the Chief Medical Officers’ target of 75% or higher.Flu Vaccine Takeup
  • Vaccination coverage at age 2 for diphtheria, pertussis (whopping cough), tetanus, haemophilus influenza type b and polio (Dtap/IPV/Hib) is high at 97.2%, and above the England average of 95.2% [Chart - Dtap/IPV/Hib age 2 vaccination coverage]. [2]
  • In 2015/16, the percentage of eligible children who had received their Hib/MenC booster by their fifth birthday (94.5%) was higher than the England average of 92.6% and the local target of 90% and was close to the national target of 95% [Chart - Hib/MenC vaccination coverage]. [2]
  • In 2013, following an outbreak of measles in the North East, there was an MMR catch-up campaign targeted at 10-19 year-olds who had not had two doses. A total of 3,190 children and young people were identified in Gateshead. [1] Following this, the percentage of eligible children who had received two doses of the MMR vaccine by their fifth birthday in Gateshead increased from 89.5% in 2012/13 to 91.5% in 2013/14, but dropped back to 89.3% in 2014/15 [Chart - MMR vaccination coverage]. [2]
  • In a pilot to offer flu vaccination (by nasal spray) to primary school children from reception to Year 6, a total of 7,784 children were vaccinated. This represents an uptake rate of 56.9%. The programme will be continued in 2014/15, but parents will not be required to be present at vaccination (identified as a major barrier to uptake in 2013/14). [1]
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination protects against two high-risk HPV types – 16 and 18 – that cause over 70% of cervical cancers. Vaccination coverage in 2013/14 (among girls 12-13 years of age) in Gateshead is significantly better than England – 93.5% compared to 86.7% [Chart - HPV vaccination coverage]. [3] This is higher than the 2012/13 coverage of 90.8%.
  • Vaccinations can be given for pneumococcal infections. These include bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis, bacteraemia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, pneumonia and meningitis. Between 2012 and 2014 there were 301 deaths due to pneumonia in Gateshead, a rate (DSR) of 56 per 100,000 compared with the England average of 53. [4] In 2015/16 there were 223 emergency hospital admissions for children (under 16) with lower respiratory tract infections (including bronchiolitis, bronchopneumonia and pneumonia). This equates to a rate (ISR) per 100,000 of 548 compared with a much lower rate of 423 for England as a whole. [5]

    [1] Health Protection Assurance 2013-2014. Annual Report of Director of Public Health (Gateshead Council website)

    [2] Vaccination data, 2015/16 (PHOF website)

    [3] DoH 2013/14 (PHOF website)

    [4] Mortality due to pneumonia, HSCIC 2012 – 2014 (HSCIC website)

    [5] Emergency hospital admissions for under 16 year olds with lower respiratory tract infections - Indicator 3.2, HSCIC 2015/16 (HSCIC website)