Skip Navigation 1 - Home Page 3 - Site Map 4 - Search 5 - A to Z 6 - Help 7 - Complaints Procedure 8 - Information Rights 9 - Council Contacts 0 - Access key details
 

Explore this topic in more detail

Headline Data
 

Cardiovascular (or Circulatory) Disease

  • Cardiovascular disease encompasses all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.
  • Premature mortality from cardiovascular disease is significantly worse in Gateshead (93.1 per 100,000 people younger than 75 years of age between 2013 and 2015, the equivalent of around 480 people) than in England overall (74.6 per 100,000) [Chart - U75 mortality from cardiovascular disease]. [1] For every 100 premature deaths due to cardiovascular disease that would be expected (based on the England average) there are 217 in Saltwell, 211 in Bridges, and 201 in Dunston and Teams. These are all significantly higher than Gateshead's ratio of 126 to 100 that would be expected [Map - Ward U75 mortality from cardiovascular disease[2]Under 75 mortality cardiovascular
  • Premature mortality for cardiovascular disease has been decreasing in both Gateshead and England since 2001‑03. The gap between Gateshead and England has generally narrowed. [1]
  • Of the 480 deaths due to cardiovascular disease (in people younger than 75 years of age), 314 were considered preventable [Chart - U75 mortality from preventable cardiovascular disease]. [1] The rate of preventable deaths for men has consistently decreased since the early 2000s and has closed the gap to England, although it remains significantly worse than England. The rate of preventable deaths for women saw a significant decrease in the early to mid-2000s resulting in Gateshead moving from significantly worse than the England average to similar. However, from around 2008 onwards, the rate spiked significantly and is now significantly worse than the England average – though the gap has narrowed to England.
  • See also 'Environment - Heatwaves'
  • Smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease – see also 'Smoking' in the Behaviour and Lifestyle Section.

    Coronary Heart Disease
  • The prevalence of coronary heart disease in Gateshead was 4.0% (or 8,372) of the population in 2015/16 [Chart - CHD prevalence]. The prevalence in England was 3.2%. [3] Hospital admissions due to coronary heart disease in NewcastleGateshead are following a long term downward trend. There were 2,091 in 2014/15. Generally, the trend in NewcastleGateshead is following a similar trend to England as a whole. For comparison purposes admissions can be considered as a rate (DSR) per 100,000. In NewcastleGateshead there were 500 per 100,000 which is lower than the 540 per 100,000 for England as a whole [Chart - CHD hospital admissions]. [4] For every 100 CHD emergency admissions that would be expected (based on the England average) there are 136 in Deckham, which is significantly higher than Gateshead's ratio of 109 to 100 that would be expected [Map - Ward CHD emergency hospital admissions]. [5] For every 100 premature deaths due to CHD that would be expected (based on the England average) there are 264 in Bridges and 232 in Dunston and Teams, both of which are significantly higher than Gateshead's ratio of 134 to 100 that would be expected [Map - Ward U75 mortality from CHD[2]

    Hypertension
  • Hypertension is also a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In 2015/16, 16.2% of the population of Gateshead had hypertension, which is higher than the England average of 13.8% [Chart - Hypertension prevalence]. [6] This may be due in part to higher rates of detection of hypertension in Gateshead. Nonetheless, it is estimated that the true prevalence of hypertension in Gateshead is 26.6%, meaning that there are many people with undiagnosed hypertension [Chart - Estimated hypertension prevalence]. [7] (See also: Hypertension Profiles)

    Stroke
  • In 2015/16 there were 837 hospital admissions due to stroke in Newcastle and Gateshead CCG area, 200.1 per 100,000 (DSR) compared with the England average of 172.8. [Chart - Stroke hospital admissions]. [8] For every 100 stroke emergency admissions that would be expected (based on the England average), there are 158 in Bridges ward, which is significantly higher than Gateshead's ratio of 107 to 100 that would be expected. Felling ward also has a high ratio at 132 for every 100 that would be expected. [Map - Ward stroke emergency hospital admissions]. [5]
  • The number of deaths in under 75 year olds due to stroke is available at Newcastle and Gateshead CCG level. Between 2013-15 there were 191 deaths, a rate of 17.6 per 100,000 (DSR). This is significantly higher than the England average of 13.6. The general trend in Newcastle and Gateshead CCG over the last 5 years has been upwards with only the latest data point bucking that trend [Chart - U75 mortality from stroke]. This means that the gap has been widening between Newcastle and Gateshead CCG and a decreasing England average. [9] For every 100 deaths due to stroke that would be expected (based on the England average) there are 175 in Chowdene, which is significantly higher than Gateshead's ratio of 110 to 100 that would be expected. There are high ratios in a number of other wards [Map - Ward all mortality from stroke]. [10]

    Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
  • For every 100 CHD emergency hospital admissions that would be expected (based on the England average), there are 180 in Deckham ward, which is higher than Gateshead's ratio of 146 to 100 that would be expected [Map - Ward myocardial infarction (heart attack) emergency hospital admissions]. [5]

    Diabetes
  • Diabetes mellitus is another major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Gateshead is increasing, having been as low as 5.9% in 2010/11 but increasing to 6.7% in 2015/16 [Chart - Diabetes prevalence]. [11]

    Health Checks
  • The NHS Health Check programme is a locally coordinated programme of cardiovascular disease prevention in which people 40-74 years of age are invited for a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and given help to address identified risk factors. In 2013/14 - 2015/16, Gateshead was the top performing area in the North East, with 37.1% of eligible people receiving an NHS health check, significantly better than the North East average of 26.0% and the England average of 27.4% [Chart - NHS Health Checks]. [12] This was achieved by focusing on reducing variation in uptake between GP practices, and using the Quality Premium to incentivise improvement in lower performing practices.

    [1] Under 75 mortality rate from all cardiovascular diseases, ONS mortality statistics, 2013-15 (PHOF website)

    [2] ONS mortality statistics 2010-14 (Local Health website)

    [3] QOF Prevalence, HSCIC 2015/16 (Dementia Profile website)

    [4] Hospital Episode Statistics, HSCIC/ONS 2014/15 (Cardiovascular Disease Profiles website)

    [5] Hospital Episode Statistics, HSCIC 2010/11-14/15 (Local Health website)

    [6] QOF Prevalence, HSCIC 2015/16 (Cardiovascular Disease Profiles website)

    [7] Model based estimates of hypertension, Health Survey for England/Imperial College London 2011 (NHS Health Check and Longer Lives websites)

    [8] Hospital Episode Statistics, NHS Digital/ONS 2015/16 (Cardiovascular Disease Profiles website)

    [9] Under 75 mortality from stroke, ONS mortality statistics 2013-15 (Cardiovascular Disease website)

    [10] All mortality from stroke, ONS mortality statistics 2010-14 (Local Health website)

    [11] Diabetes QOF Prevalence aged 17+, HSCIC, 2015/16 (Disease and Risk Factor Prevalence website)

    [12] Cumulative percentage of the eligible population aged 40-74 who received an NHS health check, 2013/14 - 2015/16 (PHOF website)